Residential Segregation

Health disparities occur when people have limited access to social and economic opportunity. Residential segregation has been shown to contribute to economic and health outcomes.

Actions such as housing vouchers and financial incentives to decrease segregation can have a positive influence on health and well-being. The American Community Survey shares annual data about community demographics that can inform programs designed to better integrate neighborhoods.

Source: American Community Survey, 2013

 

 

 

Early Childhood Education

Early childhood education can lay the foundation for a lifetime of health, and positive social and economic outcomes. Children who attend preschool are more likely to stay in school, go on to hold jobs, and earn more money—all of which are linked to better health. It also provides social and cognitive support, which is important to development, especially for children in poverty.

In 2013, the American Community Survey found that, at 68.1%, Washington, D.C. has the highest rate of 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool. Only five other states enroll over 55% of their 3- and 4-year-olds in preschool: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and Vermont.

 

Source: American Community Survey, 2013

 

 

 

Public Libraries

As safe, free, and inclusive physical spaces for people of all ages and abilities, public libraries are important hubs for well-being and learning. They often provide access to technology, career services, adult literacy training, links to civic engagement, programs for seniors, and opportunities to enroll in health insurance.

The Institute of Museum and Library Services shares data and identifies trends in library services and systems. In 2012, surveys found that communities with larger minority populations had fewer public libraries.

 

Source: Institute of Museum and Library Services, 2012